Physiotherapy in Ghana: What You Need to know
Physiotherapy has been in Ghana since the early 1940’s and was established by Mrs. Price in Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. over the years physiotherapy has established itself as an integral part of the health care system in Ghana.
Physiotherapy involves services that develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability of people. It can help people at any stage of life when movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, diseases, disorders, conditions or environmental factors. ( world confederation of physical therapy, 2016)
Physiotherapists work in the health spheres of promotion(education), prevention, treatment/ intervention, habilitation and rehabilitation employing the use of exercise prescription, manual therapy (mobilization and manipulation), lifestyle modification, education, electrotherapy (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, ultrasound and infrared light, heat modalities, cryotherapy, etc.), hydrotherapy, assistive device prescription, soft tissue technique, amongst others.
Physiotherapists are highly qualified, rigorously trained health care professionals that provide care in both public and private settings, pervading several scopes of healthcare practice as would be explained below;
Various Services Physiotherapist Offer in Ghana
Musculoskeletal/ orthopedic physiotherapyInvolves assessment, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment/ management of musculoskeletal disorders(MSD) such as fractures, strain, sprains, degenerative conditions( spondylosis, osteoarthritis, etc.), amputations, amongst others.
Physiotherapy Treatment for Neurological conditionNeurological conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Guillain- Barre syndrome, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury are managed by employing the use of principles of motor learning and transfers in combination with other modalities to help patients gain an optimal level of function.
Cardio-pulmonary physiotherapyInvolves rehabilitation and management of cardiac and respiratory conditions including hypertension, coronary heart disease, septal defects (hole-in-heart), asthma, pneumonia, etc. pre and post-medical management using exercise prescription, airway clearance techniques/chest physiotherapy, positioning, etc.
Pediatric physiotherapyThis branch of physiotherapy deals with infants and children with a variety of conditions including cerebral palsy, developmental delay, brachial plexus injury, clubfoot, autism, hydrocephalus MSD such as fractures, cardio-related conditions, etc. using play therapy, habilitation and others.
Physiotherapy Treatment for Sports PersonA branch in physiotherapy specialized for sportspersons for treatment/ management of sports-related injuries(sprain, strain, crush injuries, fractures, muscle spasms, etc.) fitness and exercise programs, guidance in sporting activities, biomechanical analysis, correction of faulty techniques, etc.
Women’s healthThis deals with obstetrical and gynecological conditions such as uterine prolapse, pregnancy-related low back pain, postural care and fitness during and after pregnancy, urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle injury amongst others.
Geriatrics physiotherapy- this deals with the specialized care of older individuals focusing on degenerative diseases, fall and injury prevention, etc.
Fitness and ergonomics physiotherapyIs concerned with guidance in physical fitness and is key in the management of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, etc. ergonomics also deals with good postural care in the performance of daily activities (sitting, sleeping, lifting of objects, etc) and in the use of equipment such as chairs, computers, and others.
Physiotherapist in Ghana say, ‘movement is life’ and as such your functional capacity is of utmost relevance to us. For any of these problems, see a licensed physiotherapist today!
Compiled by Swift Physiotherapy Clinic team